Tuesday, December 15, 2009

Photos of Saint Dominic Church, in Breese, Illinois

HERE ARE PHOTOS of Saint Dominic Church, in Breese, Illinois.  It is located approximately 40 road miles east of downtown Saint Louis, in Clinton County, on the grand Illinois prairie.  The church is a part of the Diocese of Belleville.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - exterior back with school

Last year this parish celebrated its 150th anniversary.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - exterior side

The moon appears on the right of this limestone church.  Stone for this church was quarried from nearby Shoal Creek.  These photos were taken on the eve of the first Sunday in Advent, November 28th, 2009.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - front door

IN HONOREM ST DOMINICI A. D. 1867

The church was completed in December of 1869, and was designed by Otto Koenig, whose firm Koenig and Brothers also designed the first synagogue west of the Mississippi (now destroyed), in downtown Saint Louis for the B'Nai El congregation.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - nave

As Mass was scheduled soon after I arrived, I was unable to take many photos here, which is a pity, for it is such a beautiful church.

According to a history of Breese:
Surrounded by high prairie grass and wild animals, the first settlers of Breese arrived by way of the Goshen Road, which passes through the north part of the township. The first two land entries were those of George Green and Joseph Johnson during the year 1816 . Other settlers soon arrived and developed toll bridges across the Shoal Creek waterway. A store and post office was developed at the Toll Bridge on Old State Road in the year 1822.
German farmers began to settle in the area around 1835. The prairie land settlers battled malarial diseases which thrived in the poorly drained flatlands. The worried farmers built crosses on their properties in the hopes of protecting their families from disease. Some of these crosses still stand today.
Growth was slow for Breese until the completion of the Mississippi and Ohio Railroad in 1855. The railroad brought new settlers and business for the area now that travelers no longer had to battle the enormous prairie land grasses which slowed travel. The town was laid out into twenty four blocks in February of 1855. The Shoal Creek Post Office was moved into the Robert Donne home, which was the first house built in the township.
Click here for a history of the church.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - stained glass window

S. Isidore Ora pro nobis
S. Zita Ora pro nobis

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - stained glass window detail

SUMMO CHRISTO DECUS

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - statue 1

The church's patron is Saint Dominic, Santo Domingo de Guzmán Garcés (1170-1221), founder of the Order of Preachers, also known as the Dominicans.

Dominic was accompanying a diplomatic delegation from the King of Castile, who were traveling to Denmark to secure a bride for the Crown Prince.  Along the way, they found Cathar heretics; as these were cultured, educated men, Dominic realized that combating this heresy would require an equally high-calibre of preachers.  He later lived among the heretics, winning souls with austerity, holiness of life, and intellectual rigor.

From Saint Dominic and his order of friars we get the devotion of the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - statue 2

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - Our Lady of Fatima

Our Lady of Fatima.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - Holy oils ambry

Olea Sancta.

Saint Dominic Roman Catholic Church, in Breese, Illinois, USA - exterior front

Looking up to the church's impressive towers

Pyramidal historical monument, in Breese, Illinois, USA

Across from the front door of the church is a small park maintained by the Breese Historical Society. This side of the pyramidal monument depicts three churches in Breese; other sides depict the history, industry, and coal mining in this town.

Click here for photos of other churches in Clinton County.

Address:
493 North 2nd Street
Breese, Illinois 62230

4 comments:

  1. Love this church. I made a retreat here as a high-school freshman many years ago and later returned to help lead the same retreat, the pastor is a friend of mine, and my cousin served this parish as a transitional deacon. I haven't been here since 2007 and don't remember the pyramid...do you know how old it is? Thanks.

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  2. The pyramid looks pristine, so I would guess that it is new. It is in the middle of a garden put together by the Breese Historical Society. You can see photos of murals there by clicking on the link to the Society.

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  3. Am I correct, is there another Catholic Church in Breese also? St Augustines.

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  4. Yes, there is another Catholic church, and I took photos of it too. God willing, I'll show those soon.

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